Piedmont is the land of great red wines. Most of the vineyards are concentrated in the southeastern part of Piedmont and close to the Apennines, in the provinces of Asti, Alessandria and Cuneo. In the north, the best vineyards are in the northern half of the provinces of Novara and Vercelli. Most of these vineyards are planted with age-old, local vine varieties, to which some new varieties were added recently.
The Piemonte D.O.C. appellation was established in 1994 to contain all the regional productions. Piemonte D.O.C. does not cover the whole of the region, but is restricted to the provinces of Asti, Cuneo and Alessandria. In addition to this, the subcategories of Moscato and Brachetto can be produced in two, even more restricted areas.