Liguria’s wine production is extremely limited. The geographical configuration of the region does not permit the development of extensive agricultural operations because of a lack of flat areas. In addition, landholdings are small and ownership is extremely fragmented.
The province of La Spezia accounts for the greater part of Liguria’s wine production but many famous wines, such as the Pigato, Vermentino and Ormeasco are made on the Riviera di Ponente, as the western stretch of the Ligurian coast is known. Those wines, along with Rossese di Albenga, were recently united under the single DOC denomination of Riviera Ligure di Ponente, with the three geographical subzones ’’Albenga’’, ’’Finale’’ and ’’Riviera dei Fiori’’.
Ormeasco is produced only in the Riviera dei Fiori subzone and is made from the variety of the same name that was imported from Piedmont during the occupation of Ormea. This wine became completely different in respect to the Piedmontese Dolcetto, while preserving its pleasantly bitterish vein.
Pigato’s origins are uncertain. The name is due to the typical markings on the skin of its grapes. The wine produced by the variety is dry and slightly almondy in flavor. It is excellent as an aperitif but it is also a good accompaniment for all types of fish dishes.
The Rossese di Albenga, which should not be confused with the Rossese di Dolceacqua, is a wine with a firm character. It has a lively flavor and elegant odor so that it accompanies all kinds of foods.
Vermentino is a variety of Spanish origin that is found throughout Italy but prevalently in Sardinia and Liguria. Some of the vineyards in which it is grown are situated virtually at the side of the sea.