Aglianico is a red-grape variety that is widely diffused in Basilicata and somewhat less so in the province of Avellino in Campania, where it is also known as Gnanico, Agliatica, Ellenico, Ellanico and Uva Nera. It is of extremely ancient origin.
In Basilicata, the variety is cultivated in the provinces of Matera and Potenza where the hilly district around the Vulture yields a grape of exceptional quality. The wine made from those grapes, which is quite vigorous and highly odorous, was elevated to Denominazione di Origine Controllata status as Aglianico del Vulture in 1971.
The hilly territory of the Vulture includes the volcanic terrains in the northwest of Basilicata between the Ofantina Premurgiana zone on the border with Apulia and the Lucanian mountains. In that area, Aglianico is cultivated at altitudes ranging up to 800 meters but the vine does best at between 200 and 500 meters.