The name Gravina means ’’deep ravine,’’ ’’deep incision’’ or ’’chasm’’ cut into limestone terrain. And the town, which is the source of one of the most highly regarded white wines of Apulia, is properly named, since it is perched on the lip of a deep gorge.
The principal varieties used are Malvasia del Chianti, Greco di Tufo and Bianco di Alessano. The Bianco di Alessano takes its name from that of a small community, Alessano, in the southernmost extension of the Salento, an area anciently known as Messapia.
The Greco di Tufo is a white variety that originated in the Tufo and Solopaca district of the Campanian zone of Avellino, which was strongly influenced by Etruscan civilization. Therefore, Gravina draws not only on two varieties but also two traditions, the Messapian with the Bianco di Alessano and the Campanian-Etruscan with the Greco di Tufo.